Copper T is an intrauterine contraceptive device which is a very effective, safe and inexpensive contraceptive method especially for those who have borne children. The device is tiny and comes in the shape of a ‘T’ made up of plastic, wrapped in copper and hence the name “Copper T”.
Insertion of copper T has to be done by an expert as it is an invasive procedure .This device is placed inside the uterus with a thread which is left hanging out of the cervix into the vagina.
Copper T can last up to 5 to 10 years depending on the type used. It is a very good form of contraception and very low failure rate .The ability of a woman to become pregnant rapidly returns once the copper t is removed. If one finds taking pills every day tedious, condom is giving less satisfaction or if one is finding other methods expensive, then copper T is a perfect choice.
Types of Copper T:
Regular copper T
How Does It Work?
A copper T releases copper ions once it is inside the uterus. It kills the sperms or if fertilization does take place, it prevents the embryo (baby) from implanting (settling) into the lining of the uterus.
Benefits of Copper T
A single insertion works for years hence it is relatively inexpensive.
No need for maintenance.
One can do away with daily taking in of pills/ uncomfortable use of condoms.
Does not affect fertility, its effects are rapidly reversed when the device is removed and the couple usually is able to conceive without difficulty.
Risk’s of Copper T
May increase the risk of excessive bleeding/ painful cycles.
Can get expelled spontaneously.
Does not prevent STD s.
Sometimes (extremely rare -) it may perforate the uterus and enter the abdomen
Who Are The Candidates For Copper T?
Those who have had a previous childbirth.
Breast feeding mothers.
It is a good method of emergency contraception if inserted within 5-7 days of an unprotected intercourse (failure rate 0.05% )the additional advantage is that it will prevent pregnancy for as long as it is in place!
It can be inserted immediately after an abortion with the additional benefit of preventing the walls of uterus getting stuck to each other.
Timing Of Insertion
Preferably 2-3 days after the menstruation is over.
If you are exclusively breast feeding and not having periods (exclusively breast feeding)-then it can be inserted anytime.
Immediately following an abortion .
Immediately following childbirth .
6 weeks Following childbirth or abortion if it was not inserted immediately.