Anemia is the commonest disorder in pregnancy. Its prevalence in India varies between 50 to 70%. It is an important factor for maternal and prenatal morbidity and mortality so, there is major difference in developed and developing countries. Anemia during pregnancy is especially a concern because it is associated with low birth weight, premature birth and maternal morality. Anemia in pregnant is more common in poor socio-economic status.
Anemia is a medical condition in which there is not enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the tissues in the body. In anemia you can feel tired and weak, if it goes unseated. It can increase your risk of serious complications. It is normal to have mild anemia when you are pregnant. But you may have more severe anemia due to low iron or vitamin level. All pregnant women are at high risk for becoming anemic because they need more iron and folic acid than usual.
Types of Anemia in Pregnancy:
Causes of Anemia in Pregnancy:
Signs and Symptoms:
Weaker, loss of appetite, dizziness, palpitation, breathlessness, swelling of feet & eye lids, generalized swelling of body, symptoms of congestive cardiac failure.
Signs: pallor, glossitis, stomatitis, oedema, hypoproteinemia, soft systolic murmur, pale nails.
Hb & haematocrit should be done at the first visit. Type of anemia is confirmed by doing s. iron, s. Folate and s. Vit B12 special investigations:
Recommended diet for Anemic Patients:
Introducing diet in iron and fruits and leafy vegetables. Treat yourself with warm against infections , maintain general hygiene, food full of iron and genetic modifications of food.
Iron and folic acid:- Supplementation during pregnancy:
Iron rich food: