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What is Kangaroo Mother Care

What is Kangaroo Mother Care

by: Dr. Krishan Yadav
HOD & Consultant - Neonatology

A lot has been heard and said about Kangaroo Mother Care. Is it a way to raise your child or does it help in the development of the infant. It is a process of healing that is recommended for the premature babies. Following are few of the frequently asked questions that you can go through. The same cover the method, when and how to use along with the do’s and don’ts.

Q) What is Kangaroo Mother Care?

It is a method of care of the premature or low birth weight babies weighing less than 2.5kg, by placing the infant in skin -to -skin contact with the mother/care giver, to ensure optimum growth and development of the baby.

Q)   What are the benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care?

KMC promotes:

  • Weight gain of the baby
  • Improves breast feeding
  • Maintains baby’s temperature and prevents infections
  • Promotes bonding between baby and mother
  • Early home discharge

Four month old baby, series with mother [url=http://www.istockphoto.com/file_search.php?action=file&lightboxID=2854722] [img]http://img47.imageshack.us/img47/4241/beautifulbabiesez7.jpg[/img][/url]

Q) Can all babies be kangarooed?

All stable premature and low birth weight babies are eligible for KMC.

Q)Can all mothers provide Kangaroo Mother Care?

All mothers can provide Kangaroo Mother Care, irrespective of age, parity, religion, education, culture.

She should be willing for Kangaroo Mother Care, free from serious illness, maintaining good hygiene, daily bathing/ sponging ,daily changing clothes and proper hand washing, and maintaining short and clean finger nails.

Q)Who else can provide Kangaroo Mother Care?

Any other family member like father, grandparents or any other member can also be involved in providing Kangaroo Mother Care.

Q)What is the method of Kangaroo Mother Care?

Mother should be seated in a reclining chair, she should be wearing front-open clothing; baby should be dressed in cap, socks, nappy and front-open dress.

Baby is placed on the  mother’s bare chest between her breasts in an upright position. Turn head to one side and chin slightly up allowing eye to eye contact between mother and baby.

Support baby’s bottom  with mother’s hand or sling.Wrap the baby with mother’s gown to prevent hypothermia.

Q)What should be the duration of Kangaroo Mother Care?

Initial session to be at least one hour, gradually increasing the duration upto 24 hours per day, interrupted only for  changing the nappy.

Q)How will the baby be fed during Kangaroo Mother Care?

Mother may breast feed the baby in KMC position. If baby is on expressed breast milk, she can be fed  with spoon in KMC position.

Q)Can Kangaroo Mother Care be provided at home?

Post discharge, KMC may be continued at home.

Q)When to discontinue Kangaroo Mother Care?

KMC  may be discontinued when the baby’s gestation reaches term or weight is around 2.5kg; she starts wriggling to show that she is uncomfortable, pulls her limbs out, or cries and fusses each time mother tries KMC!

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