What is Immunization? What should I do to Immunize my Baby? |
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What is Immunization? What should I do to Immunize my Baby?

What is Immunization? What should I do to Immunize my Baby?

by: Dr. Sanjay K. Tandon

Sr. Consultant Paediatrics & Neonatology
Paras Bliss, New Delhi

Immunization‘ is the process of both getting the vaccine and becoming immune to the disease as a result of the vaccine. Vaccines made of either weakened or inactivated versions of the bacteria or virus that causes a particular disease. When these vaccines are injected or taken orally, the immune system mounts an attack that stimulates the body to produce antibodies and protect against serious illnesses ranging from polio and tetanus to measles, mumps, and the seasonal flu. Once produced, the antibodies remain active in the body, ready to fight off the real disease.

immunization

The Pediatricians all over the globe recommend the immunization schedule, which the parents should follow routinely. The routine schedule is safe and works very well. Following the schedule will ensure your child is protected as soon as they can be. You need to be prepared and try to reduce your child’s risk of anxiety and needle fear. Your child might feel mildly feverish after the vaccination but do not worry as it is normal. It shows the reaction of your baby’s immune system in regards to the vaccines injected newly in their body.

Follow the immunization protocol:

To protect fully, your child should be immunized starting from the time of their birth, up till 10 years of age. Some immunizations require more than one dose for full protection. Babies and young children who are not immunized are at greatest risk of serious harm. There susceptibility to fall sick is more, especially during the first 2 years of life.

Doctors strictly, advise to follow the routine schedule and get all shots on time. Delay or gap between the vaccines is not recommended and can be risky.  Some of the most important vaccines to be given to your baby periodically are:

  • Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTaP)
  • Hepatitis A vaccine (HepA)
  • Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB)
  • Hib vaccine
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR)
  • Meningococcal vaccines
  • Pneumococcal vaccine (PCV)
  • Polio vaccine (IPV)
  • Rotavirus vaccine
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